Hip & Knee Replacement
Deciding to undergo partial or total joint replacement surgery for the treatment of a hip or knee condition is a major decision. At Jordan Valley, you can count on the highly trained and specialized orthopaedic surgeons on the medical staff who have extensive experience in performing both hip and knee replacement surgery. Using advanced technology and surgical techniques, the orthopaedic surgical team can accurately diagnose injuries and provide effective treatments that reduce pain and facilitate a smooth recovery.
Joint Replacement, an Effective Solution for Many Conditions
If you suffer from one or more of the following hip or knee conditions, joint replacement surgery may be a solution for relieving your pain symptoms and improving your range of motion:
- Rheumatoid arthritis
- Traumatic arthritis
- Acute injury to the hip or knee
- Childhood hip/knee disease or disorder
Benefits of Joint Replacement Surgery
Joint replacement surgery for the hip and knee provides several life-enhancing benefits:
- Relieves pain symptoms
- Improves joint function
- Enhances the look and alignment of the joint.
Risks of Joint Replacement Surgery
As is the case with all types of surgeries, joint replacement surgery involves risks. Complications from surgery may include anesthesia problems, blood clotting, infection, nerve injury, device issues, etc. Always consult with a physician before committing to any type of surgical procedure to learn about specific surgical risks.
What to Expect Before Joint Replacement Surgery
You may be required to undergo a medical examination and pre-surgical tests to determine the severity of your hip or knee condition. Tests may include blood tests, heart checks, X-rays and diagnostic images of the affected area. Diagnostic testing may include magnetic resonance imaging (MRI), computerized tomography (CT), and/or discography, a procedure in which dye is injected into the disc and further X-rays or CT scans are taken.
The surgeon will also review any medications that you are currently taking, and will outline what medications you should continue to take until the procedure. You will also be instructed to not eat or drink anything for a certain number of hours leading up to the procedure. You may also meet with an anesthesiologist to discuss your options.
What to Expect During Joint Replacement Surgery
Please leave any valuable personal items at home. You will arrive at Jordan Valley and be admitted into the hospital, where you will change into a hospital gown. You will be brought to the Surgical Department and will be placed under general anesthesia.
- Hip Replacement: The hip is considered a “ball-and-socket” joint. In a total hip replacement procedure, or total hip arthroplasty, an orthopedic surgeon removes the damaged “ball” and “socket”, and replaces both with prosthetic components made of metal, ceramic or plastic. When performing hip replacements, the orthopaedic surgeons on the medical staff at Jordan Valley utilize Stryker® Hip Navigation software for total hip alignment precision. A minimally invasive procedure, the surgeon is able to perform the hip replacement through one or two small incisions. The hip “ball” is permanently attached to the thigh bone and the cartilage on the “socket” is a replaced with a metal unit. .A spacer is inserted between the “ball” and “socket” to enable the attached joint to rotate and move smoothly. Once the surgeon is satisfied with the position and movement of the new hip joint, the incision will be closed, and you will be relocated to a recovery suite where you will be closely monitored by an experienced team of health care professionals.
- Knee Replacement/Resurfacing: The knee is considered a “hinge” joint, as it can only bend and straighten like a hinged door. In a knee replacement procedure, or knee arthroplasty, an orthopedic surgeon only replaces the surfaces of the knee bones. When performing knee resurfacing procedures, the orthopaedic surgeons on the medical staff at Jordan Valley utilize Stryker® OrthoMap Precision Knee Navigation software, designed to enable a less invasive, simplified approach to knee replacement. A minimally invasive procedure, the surgeon is able to perform the knee replacement through one or two small incisions. Any damaged cartilage and a small amount of underlying bone are removed from the kneecap. The surgeon then permanently affixes a metal component to recreate a smooth joint surface, and inserts a medical-grade plastic spacer just below the kneecap to provide a smooth gliding surface. Once the surgeon is satisfied with the position and movement of the new knee joint, the incision will be closed, and you will be relocated to a recovery suite where you will be closely monitored by an experienced team of health care professionals.
What to Expect After Joint Replacement Surgery
Following joint replacement surgery, you will remain at Jordan Valley for one to two days for continued close monitoring (hospital stays may vary by patient and procedure). You may be encouraged by our team of physical therapists to stand, walk or rotate your new joint within a day following surgery.
The physical therapy team may also recommend additional movements and exercises to maintain flexibility and mobility in your new hip or knee. The more you adhere to these recommendations, the faster your recovery process. The surgeon and/or physical therapy team will also provide you with guidelines as to what types of movements to avoid (specific instructions will be provided for getting in and out of bed, chairs, cars, etc.). Also, the surgeon will help you determine if you may return home following surgery, or if you require the assistance of an inpatient/outpatient rehabilitation center. Common recovery period ranges between 6 and 8 weeks, but may vary by patient.
Choosing a Joint Replacement Surgeon
Choosing a qualified surgeon is just as important as the decision to have surgery. When choosing a surgeon for a procedure as important as hip or knee replacement, you want to make sure that you are in good surgical hands. At Jordan Valley, the medical staff consists of several experienced, highly specialized joint replacement surgeons:
- Charles L. Beck, Jr., M.D., board-certified knee and shoulder replacement surgeon
- R. Brian Mackey, M.D., orthopedic surgeon and sports medicine physician
- S. Charles Marshall, M.D., knee and shoulder replacement surgeon
- Traske Muir, M.D., board-certified orthopedic surgeon
- Wade Sessions, M.D., board-certified knee and shoulder replacement surgeon
For more information about our joint replacement surgery services, please contact us.